Anne Catherine of Brandenburg
- Born: 26 Jun 1575, Wolmerstadt, Brandenburg, Germany
- Marriage: King Christian IV of Denmark
- Died: 8 Apr 1612, Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark at age 36
- Buried: Roskilde Domkirke, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark
Anne Catherine of Brandenburg was queen-consort of Denmark and Norway as a wife of the King Christian IV of Denmark.
She was born in Wolmerstadt. Her parents were Joachim Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg and his first wife Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin.
Anna Catherine became Queen of Denmark on 27 November 1597 when she was married to Christian IV. The wedding took place in the castle of Haderslevhus in South Jutland the year after the crowning of Christian IV. Together they had six children, among them Christian, the Prince Elect, who died a year before his father, and Frederik III who introduced absolute monarchy in Denmark. His son Ulrik was murdered in 1633. Their two daughters Sophia and Elisabeth and the elder son Frederik died in the very young age.
Anna Catherine was the first wife of Christian IV, but not much is known about her. She does not seem to have had much political influence but she often accompanied the King on his travels. In her time she was praised for her modesty and deep religious feelings. While she was Queen began the building of the Rosenborg Castle, but the extent of her influence on the building and its interior is not known.
She died in Copenhagen and was buried in the Roskilde Cathedral.
Anne married King Christian IV of Denmark, son of King Frederik II of Denmark and Sofie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen of Denmark & Norway. (King Christian IV of Denmark was born on 12 Apr 1577 in Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød, Hovedstaden, Denmark, died on 28 Feb 1648 in Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark and was buried in Roskilde Domkirke, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark.)