Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
- Born: 30 Oct 1668, Bad Iburg, Osnabrück, Niedersachsen, Prussia
- Marriage: First King of Prussia Friedrich I Hohenzollern Elector of Brandenburg
- Died: 21 Jan 1705 at age 36
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover was born on October 30, 1668, at Schloss Iburg in Bad Iburg near Osnabrück. She was the daughter of Ernst August, Elector of Hanover and Sophia of the Palatinate. Her eldest brother Georg Ludwig would succeed to the British throne in 1714 as King George I. She was once rumoured to be marrying the widower Louis XIV. By marrying Frederick I of Prussia, she became Queen of Prussia. Their only child to reach maturity became Frederick William I of Prussia.
Sophia Charlotte is mainly remembered for her friendship and correspondence with Gottfried Leibniz, whose avowed disciple she became. He was her mother's good friend and tutor. Sophia Charlotte's death of pneumonia on January 21, 1705 (o.s.; February 1 n.s.), when she was 36 years of age, devastated him.
Sophia married First King of Prussia Friedrich I Hohenzollern Elector of Brandenburg, son of Friedrich Wilhelm Hohenzollern Elector of Brandenburg; Duke of Prussia and Luise Henriette of Nassau. (First King of Prussia Friedrich I Hohenzollern Elector of Brandenburg was born on 11 Jul 1658 in Königsberg, East Prussia and died on 25 Feb 1713 in Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia.)