Anne Hanover Princess of Orange
- Born: 2 Nov 1710
- Died: 12 Jan 1759 at age 48
Princess Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (2 November 1709 \endash 12 January 1759) was the second child and eldest daughter of George II and his consort, Queen Caroline. She was the wife of William IV of Orange, the first hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands. Princess Anne was the second daughter of a British sovereign to hold the title Princess Royal, and later Princess-Regent of Friesland
HSH Princess Anne of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg was born at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, five years before her paternal grandfather, the Elector Georg Ludwig, succeeded to the British throne as George I.
Upon her grandfather's ascension in 1714, it became established practice that the legitimate children and the male-line grandchildren of a British Sovereign would be titled prince or princess of Great Britain and Ireland and styled Royal Highness; great-grandchildren in the male line would be prince or princess of Great Britain and Ireland and styled Highness. Her father ascended on 11 June 1727.
On 30 August of that year, George II created his eldest daughter Princess Royal. Charles I first bestowed this title on his eldest daughter, Mary, Princess of Orange (mother of William III), in 1642. However, the title fell from use until the reign of George II. (Princess Anne became Princess Royal during the lifetime of her aunt, Queen Sophia Dorothea of Prussia, who had been eligible for this honour but did not receive it.)
On 25 March 1734, the Princess Royal married William IV, Prince of Orange. She ceased to use her substantive British title, in favour of her courtesy title from her husband's hereditary principality.
When her husband died in 1751, Anne was appointed regent for her 3 year-old son William. She was at first a good leader in the government with her quick decision-making skills, but she later became tyrannical and unpredictable.
She continued to act as regent until her death in 1759, at The Hague, Netherlands, when she was replaced by her mother-in-law, Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel, and by Ludwig Ernst von Brunswick-Lüneburg-Bevern. When she too died, Anne's daughter, Carolina, was made regent until William V turned 18 in 1766.
The Prince and Princess of Orange-Nassau had a stillborn son, in 1735, and two stillborn daughters, in 1736 and 1739. They also had a daughter, Anna (1746), who died in infancy. Their other children were:
Carolina, Princess-Regent of Friesland 28 February 1743 -6 May 1787
married 1760, Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg; had issue
Willem V Batavus 8 March 1748 - 9 April 1806
married, 1767, Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia; had issue