Princess Amelia Caroline Charlotte Anne "Thyra" of Denmark; Duchess of Cumberland
- Born: 29 Sep 1853, Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark
- Marriage: Ernst August II Crown Prince of Hanover; Duke of Cumberland on 22 Dec 1878 in Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark
- Died: 26 Feb 1933, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria at age 79
Princess Thyra of Denmark (Amelia Caroline Charlotte Anne) was the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel.
Thyra was the sister of Frederik VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, George I of Greece and Empress Maria Fyodorovna of Russia. Thyra was an attractive and gentle young woman, with blonde hair and dark blue eyes. Queen Louise wanted her youngest daughter to make a good marriage as her elder daughters had. Thyra's first suitor was King Willem III of the Netherlands, but as he was thirty six years older than her, she rejected him. He later married Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Their daughter became Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her descendants sit on the throne of the Netherlands.
On 22 December 1878, she married Crown Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale in Copenhagen. Ernst Augustus was eldest child and only son of King George V of Hanover and his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.
Before her marriage, Thyra had fallen in love with Vilhelm Frimann Marcher, a lieutenant in the cavalry, which resulted in a pregnancy. Her brother George I of Greece suggested that she have the baby in Athens to avoid scandal; the Danish press was told Thyra had been taken ill with jaundice. She gave birth to a girl, Maria, on 8 November 1871 at Schloß Glücksburg, who was adopted by Rasmus and Anne Marie Jørgensen of Odense. Marcher killed himself on 4 January 1872 after a confrontation with the King.
Titles and styles
* 29 September 1853 \endash 1858: Her Highness Princess Thyra of Denmark
* 1858 \endash 22 December 1878: Her Royal Highness Princess Thyra of Denmark
* 22 December 1878 \endash 28 March 1919: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale
* 28 March 1919 \endash 26 February 1933: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover
The Duke and Duchess of Cumberland had six children:
Name Birth Death Notes
*Princess Marie Louise of Cumberland and Hanover 11 October 1879 - 31 January 1948 married Prince Maximilian of Baden (10 July 1867-6 November 1929); had issue
*Prince Georg Wilhelm of Cumberland and Hanover 28 October 1880 - 20 May 1912
*Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland 29 September 1882 -30 August 1963 married Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (9 April 1882-17 November 1945)
*Princess Olga of Cumberland and Hanover 11 July 1884 - 21 September 1958
*Prince Christian of Cumberland and Hanover 4 July 1885 - 3 September 1901
*Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick 17 November 1887-
30 January 1953 married Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia (13 September 1892-11 December 1980)
Amelia married Ernst August II Crown Prince of Hanover; Duke of Cumberland on 22 Dec 1878 in Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Sjælland, Denmark. (Ernst August II Crown Prince of Hanover; Duke of Cumberland was born on 21 Sep 1845 and died on 14 Nov 1923.)