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King George II Hanover of Great Britain and Ireland
(1683-1760)
Caroline of Ansbach
(1684-1737)
Frederick Hanover Prince of Wales
(1708-1751)
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
(1719-1772)

Augusta Frederika Hanover Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(1737-1813)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Count Braunschweig

Augusta Frederika Hanover Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg

  • Born: 31 Jul 1737, St James's Palace, London, England
  • Christened: 29 Aug 1737, St. James Palace, London, England
  • Marriage: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Count Braunschweig
  • Died: 23 Mar 1813, Hanover Square, London, England at age 75

  General Notes:

Princess Augusta Frederika of Wales (31 July 1737 \endash 23 March 1813), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of George II and sister of George III. She later married into the Ducal House of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. Her daughter, Caroline of Brunswick was the Queen consort of George IV.

Early life

Princess Augusta Frederika was born at St James's Palace, London. Her father was The Prince Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of George II and Caroline of Ansbach. Her mother was the Princess of Wales (formerly Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha).

As a grandchild in the male line of the British monarch, she was styled Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta Frederika of Wales from birth. She was second in the line of succession.

Marriage

On 16 January 1764, Augusta married Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg at the Chapel Royal of St James's Palace.

Later life

In 1806, when Prussia declared war on France, the Duke of Brunswick, 71 at the time, was appointed commander-in-chief of the Prussian army. On 14 October of that year, at the Battle of Jena, Napoleon defeated the Prussian army, and, on the same day, at the battle of Auerstadt, the Duke of Brunswick was seriously wounded, dying a few days later. The Duchess of Brunswick, with two of her sons, and a widowed daughter-in-law, fled her ruined palace for Altona, and then fled to Augustenborg, a small town east of Jutland.

The Duchess of Brunswick remained here, residing with her niece, Princess Louise Augusta, daughter of her sister Queen Caroline Mathilde of Denmark, until her brother, George III finally relented, in September 1807, and allowed her to move to London. She moved to Montague House, Blackheath, in Greenwich, with her daughter, the Princess of Wales, but soon fell out with her daughter, and purchased the house next door, Brunswick House, as she renamed it. The Duchess of Brunswick lived out her days in Blackheath and died, in 1813, aged 75.

Issue

Together the couple had 7 children:

1- Auguste Caroline Friederike Luise December 3, 1764 - September 27, 1788 married Frederick III, Duke of Württemberg; had issue

2- Karl Georg August February 8, 1766 - September 20, 1806
married Frederika Luise Wilhelmine, Princess of Orange-Nassau; issue?

3- Caroline Amalie Elisabeth May 17, 1768 - August 7, 1821
married 1795, George IV of the United Kingdom; had issue

4- Georg Wilhelm Christian June 27, 1769 - September 16, 1811
Declared an invalid; Excluded from line of succession

5- August August 18, 1770 - December 18, 1822
Declared an invalid; Excluded from line of succession

6- Friedrich Wilhelm October 9, 1771 - June 16, 1815
married 1802, Mary of Baden; had issue

7- Amelie Karoline Dorothea Luise, Princess of Brunswick-Luneburg
November 22, 1772 - April 2, 1773

Augusta married Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Count Braunschweig, son of Karl I Duke of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Philippine Charlotte Hohenzollern of Prussia. (Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Count Braunschweig was born on 9 Oct 1735 in Wolfenbüttel, Niedersachsen, Germany and died on 10 Nov 1806.)



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