Gov. Thomas Hinckley
- Born: 1618
- Marriage: Mary Richards
- Died: 25 Apr 1706 at age 88
- Buried: Lathrop Hill Cemeterey, Barnstable, Barnstable Co., Massachusetts
Thomas Hinckley (1618 \endash April 25, 1706) was the governor of the Plymouth Colony and held several other governmental positions during his lifetime, including that of a representative, a deputy, magistrate, and assistant, among others. A monument, created in 1829 at the Lothrop Hill cemetery in Barnstable, Massachusetts, attests to his "piety, usefulness and agency in the public transactions of his time."
Hinckley was born in England and migrated to Scituate with his parents, Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, in 1635. In 1639, he moved from Scituate to Barnstable, where he assumed multiple positions in the government of Plymouth colony. The following is a list of his roles in government and the time he occupied each:
Magistrate and assistant (1658\endash 1680)
Deputy governor (1680)
Governor (1680\endash 1692)
Commissioner on the central board of Plymouth and Massachusetts colonies (1673\endash 1692)
Councillor (1692 \endash ?)
Hinckley married twice; first on December 6, 1641 to Mary Richards, and again to Mary Glover (née Smith) on March 15, 1659. He may have had as many as 17 children; different sources disagree on the exact number. One of his children, Samuel Hinckley (whose mother was Mary Richards), was a direct ancestor of Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, as well as an ancestor of the former president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Gordon B. Hinckley. Thomas Hinckley's sister, Susannah Hinckley, is an ancestor of President Barack Obama, which means that Thomas Hinckley's father, Samuel Hinckley, is the ancestor of three U.S. presidents.
His grave is covered by a weathered slab that reads:
History bears witness to his piety
usefulness and agency
in the public transactions of his time.
The importance offices he was called to fill
evidences the esteem in which he was held
by the people.
He was successively elected Assistant in
the government of Plymouth Colony
from 1658 to 1681 and
except during the interuption
Sir Edmond Andros
from 1681 to the
junction of Plymouth with Massachusetts
Thomas married Mary Richards, daughter of Thomas Richards and Welthian. (Mary Richards was born about 1620.)