Johann Caspar Schweer
- Born: Abt 1698, Oldendorf, Osnabrück, K. of Hannover, Germany
- Christened: Marienkirche, Oldendorf, Melle, Osnabrück, K. of Hannover, Germany
- Marriage: Anna Maria Pflogstert on 15 Oct 1722 in Marienkirche, Oldendorf, Melle, Osnabrück, K. of Hannover, Germany
The Teutoburger Forest near the city of Osnabrück, and it's neighboring "suburbs" of Oldendorf, Westerhausen, and Bad Essen, is in the mountain country in the northwest of Germany. The Teutoburger forest extends on a length of approximately 110 kilometers from Osnabrück southeast to the area of Detmold.
In the year 9 A.D. a battle between the Teutons under Arminius and the Romans under general Publius Quinctilius Varus took place in this forest. The Teutons lured the Romans into an ambush and destroyed the 17th, 18th and 19th Roman Legions and their auxillary troops. They were killed over several days in a carefully planned running ambush led by Arminius- also known as Hermann the Cherusker- a Roman trained German warrior adopted and subsequently knighted by the Romans. He was determined to stop Rome's eastward advance beyond the Rhine River. By the time it was over, some 25,000 men, women and children were dead and the course of European history had been forever altered. "Quinctilius Varus, give me back my legions!" Emperor Augustus agonized aloud when he learned of the devastating loss.
The battle was originally thought to have occurred in the Detmold area, and a large monument to Hermann is erected there. However, in the late 1980's archealogical evidence places the actual battle farther to the northwest in the peat bogs just north of Osnabrück, near Kalkriese.
Following the so-called Varusschlacht the Romans lost all possessions east the Rhine, which represented thereby the northeast border of the Roman realm.
Johann married Anna Maria Pflogstert on 15 Oct 1722 in Marienkirche, Oldendorf, Melle, Osnabrück, K. of Hannover, Germany. (Anna Maria Pflogstert was born about 1700 in Oldendorf, Osnabrück, K. of Hannover, Germany and was christened in Marienkirche, Oldendorf, Melle, Osnabrück, K. of Hannover, Germany.)