Sverker I Kolson
- Marriage: Richiza Boleslawsdatter
- Died: 1156
Sverker I Kolson or Sverker the Elder (died c. 1156) was a king of Sweden between 1133 and about 1156. According to a theory, he was the son of Kol and the grand-son of Blot-Sweyn.
Sverker became the king of Sweden ca 1130 and conquered Västergötland from its king Magnus the Strong. He ruled for about 26 years, but in spite of the long reign not much is known about him. The convents and monasteries of Alvastra, Nydala and Varnhem were founded. According to a Russian chronicle, he made a failed crusade in the east.
He was murdered by his own coach going to the early service on Christmas day, in 1156. This was considered a shocking crime, even by medieval standards. The pretender Magnus Henriksson was suspected of the crime.
His son, Sune Sik Sverkersson Prince of Sweden, by Rycheza of Poland was born c.1154.
Sverker married Richiza Boleslawsdatter, daughter of Boleslaw III 'Wrymouth' Duke of Poland and Salome von Berg-Schelklingen. (Richiza Boleslawsdatter was born on 12 Apr 1116 in Kraków, Kraków, Poland and died after 1155.)