Gaute Erlingsson Talgøy
- Born: Abt 1240, Sør-Talgje, Finnøy, Rogaland, Norway
- Marriage: Eyvor Gregoriusdatter Stårheim about 1260 in Norway
- Died: 4 Sep 1288, Vats, Rogaland, Norway about age 48
Gaute Erlingsson Talgje was born about 1240 in Norway. He died on 4 Sep 1288 in Stokka gård #139, Vats, Rogaland, Norway. Gaute Erlingsson was also called Gaute Tolga and was a sysselmann (district governor) between 1276 and 1288. Gaute lived at the same time as King Magnus Lagabøter and the two men probably knew each other very well since Magnus spent his younger years in Stavanger.
Gaute became an in-law of the Royal Family when he married Magnus' niece, the granddaughter of King Håkon IV. He was one of Magnus' foremost counselors and was involved in most of the significant events of his time. This period of Norwegian history was marked by an intense power struggle between Church and State. Gaute was a consistent supporter of the Royal authority. Gaute was mistakenly killed in 1288 by Halvard Harde of Sandeid during a drunken brawl amongst the company of King Erik Magnusson. Halvard took out his knife and stabbed at a comrade, but hit Gaute Erlingsson instead. The killer fled to St Svithuns Church (Stavanger Cathedral) where he sought Sanctuary. Gaute's son, Isak Gautesson, chased him into the church and dragged him out into the street and killed him. Isak was subsequently outlawed.
The church on the island of Talgje dates from before Gaute's time and there are still foundations and ruins of buildings that belonged to Gaute. In his will, Gaute bequeathed money to St Olav's Church, St Martin's Church and the Maria Church in Stavanger. He gave the Grødem farm (Strand), which was worth 6 månadsmatsbol, to St Svithun's Church in exchange for masses being said for his soul and ringing the church bells so they could be heard throughout Stavanger. Gaute's farm, Gård in Talgje, was sold by his descendants in 1451 to riksråd and høvedsmann from Bergenhus, Olav Nilsson.
Gaute married Eyvor Gregoriusdatter Stårheim, daughter of Gregorius Andersson Stovrheim and Cecilie Håkonsdatter, about 1260 in Norway. (Eyvor Gregoriusdatter Stårheim was born about 1240 in Stårheim, Eid, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway and died in Sør-Talgje, Finnøy, Rogaland, Norway.)