King Robert II 'the Pious" Capet Of France
- Born: 27 Mar 972, Orléans, Loiret, France
- Marriage (1): Suzanne "Rosala"de Lombardy Princess of Italy in Apr 988 in France
- Marriage (2): Bertha of Burgundy Princess of Burgundy in 996 in France
- Marriage (3): Queen Constance Taillefer D'arles of France in 1001 in France
- Died: 20 Jul 1031, Melun, France at age 59
- Buried: Jul 1031, Basilique Saint-Denis, Paris, Île-de-France, France
Robert II, the Pious (March 27 972 - July 20 1031) was King of France
from 996 to 1031. A member of the Capetian Dynasty, Robert II was born
on March 27, 972 in Orleans, France, the son of King Hugh Capet
(938-996) and Adelaide of Aquitaine (952-1004).
In 987, Robert®s father had the nobles crown him as successor at
Orléans on December 30th, thereby confirming the house of Capet as
rulers of France. After Robert became king he did as his father and
crowned his eldest son Hugh as his successor. But, due to Prince
Hugh's death, another son, Henri, became king.
Robert, despite marital problems that saw him temporarily
excommunicated by Pope Gregory V, was a very devout Roman Catholic,
hence the name Robert the Pious. He was very musically inclined and
was a composer, a chorister, and a poet, making his palace a place of
religious seclusion, where he conducted the matins and vespers in his
royal robes. Part of Robert's piety at the time, was because he did
not tolerate heretics and harshly punished them.
The kingdom Robert inherited was not large, and in an effort to
increase his power, he vigorously pursued his claim to any of the
feudal lands as they became vacant which action usually resulted in
war with a counter-claimant. In 1003, his invasion of Burgundy was
thwarted and it would not be until 1016 that he was finally able to
get the support of the Church and be recognized as the Duke of
The pious King Robert II made few friends and many enemies, including
his own sons Henri and Robert. They turned against their father, in a
civil war for power and property. King Robert®s army was beaten and he
retreated to Beaugency outside Paris.
He died in the middle of the war with his sons on July 20, 1031 at
Melun, France. He was interred with his third wife, Constance d'Arles
(973-July 25, 1032) in Saint Denis Basilica.
He was succeeded by his and Constance's second son, Henri I.
Robert II married:
c. 988, 1) Susanne (Rosala), Princess of Italy (c.966 - January 26,
1003). The marriage was arranged by Robert®s father and ended in
c. 996, 2) Bertha, Princess of Burgundy (952-1035). Because she was
his cousin, Pope Gregory V would not sanction the marriage and Robert
was excommunicated. However, after long negotiations with the new Pope
Silvester II the marriage was annulled.
In 1001, 3) Constance Taillefer d'Arles (973-July 25, 1032)
Adáele (Alix) - (1003 - January 8, 1079)
Hugh - (1007-September 17, 1025)
Henry I - (May 4, 1008 - August 4, 1060)
Adelaide Havoise - (1009-June 5, 1063)
Robert - (1011 - March 21, 1076)
Eudo (Odes) - (1013-1056)
Constance - (1014 - unknown)
Robert married Suzanne "Rosala"de Lombardy Princess of Italy, daughter of King Berengar II of Italy and Willa Princess Of Tuscany, in Apr 988 in France. (Suzanne "Rosala"de Lombardy Princess of Italy was born about 960 in Ivrea, died on 26 Jan 1003 in Ghent, East Flanders, Belgium and was buried in Ghent, East Flanders, Belgium.)
Robert next married Bertha of Burgundy Princess of Burgundy, daughter of Conrad I King of Burgundy and Mathilde Princess of France, Countess Of Flanders, in 996 in France. (Bertha of Burgundy Princess of Burgundy was born in 967 in Burgundy, France and died in Jan 1016.)
Robert next married Queen Constance Taillefer D'arles of France, daughter of Guillaume III Taillefer Count Of Toulouse and Arsinde (Blanche) d' Anjou Countess Of Toulouse, in 1001 in France. (Queen Constance Taillefer D'arles of France was born in 974 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, France, died on 25 Jul 1032 in Melun, France and was buried in Jul 1032 in Basilique Saint-Denis, Paris, Île-de-France, France.)