King Valdemar II 'Sejr' "the Victorious" Valdemarsson of Denmark
- Born: 28 Jun 1170, Denmark
- Marriage (1): Queen Dagmar Margarthe of Bohemia
- Marriage (2): Berengária of Portugal
- Marriage (3): Richza
- Died: 28 Mar 1241, Vordingborg, Sjæland, Denmark at age 70
- Buried: Mar 1241, St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Sjælland, Denmark
Valdemar II the Victorious (1170-1241) was the King of Denmark from 1202 until 1241. He was the second son of King Valdemar I, in 1202 he succeeded his brother Canute VI after serving him for many years. He is counted among the greatest of Danish (medieval) kings. In 1204 he secured the recognition of Norway as kingdom, and he began to expand Danish influence along the Baltic in the 1210s. His greatest achievement was the final subjagation and end of his crusade against the Estonians at Reval on June 25,1219.
According to legend the sky during the battle was coloured red with a white cross, from this day on the symbol, called the Dannebrog has been the Danish flag. Denmark was at the height of its power but in 1223 Valdemar was captured by his vassal, the Count of Schwerin and was released in 1226 only at the condition of giving up most of his conquests.
In 1227 Valdemar invaded Northern Germany in an attempt to regain his lost territories but was disastrously defeated in the Battle of Bornhöved (July 22,1227). This defeat marked the end of Danish domination of the Baltic but Estonia was preserved. He spent the remainder of his life codifying the law which was completed shortly before his death.
By his first marriage to Margarethe of Bohemia, he had one son, the future Waldemar III. After Margaret's death he married again, this time with a portuguese princess, Berengaria, daughter of king Sancho I of Portugal. They had three sons (Eric IV, Abel and Cristopher I) and one daughter (Sophie). Waldemar married another two times, with Rixa of Bavaria and Helena Guttorsdotter, but he had no children from these matrimonies. Valdemar II "The Victor" 1202-1241
1202--Denmark Annexes Lubeck. Valdemar the Victor continued in Valdemar the Great's footsteps by annexing land to Denmark during his 39 year reign.
1219--Denmark Annexes Estonia.
1220--Valdemar the Victor is Captured. Around 1220, Valdemar the Victor was un-victoriously captured by a German prince and held for ransom. He had to acquiesce most of Denmark's newly acquired lands in order to be released.
1227--Battle of Bornhoved; Denmark Re-Annexes Land. Valdemar the Victor did not stand for being taken captive. A few years after his release, he led a war against Germany to recapture the land he had paid for his ransom. In 1227, the Battle of Bornhoved was a crushing defeat for the Germans, and Denmark regained the land it had lost.
Fragmentation- 1241-1340 The death of Valdemar the Victor in 1241 brought political crises to Denmark, which was already suffering from German defeats (despite the successful Battle of Bornhoved). These problems were augmented by a plague attacking Europe and spreading into the Scandinavian countries.
The result was political fragmentation for nearly 100 years. Denmark lost Norway and Scania to Sweden, along with other tracts of the land they had annexed.
Valdemar married Queen Dagmar Margarthe of Bohemia. (Queen Dagmar Margarthe of Bohemia was born about 1175 in Bohemia and was buried in St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Sjælland, Denmark.)
Valdemar next married Berengária of Portugal, daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal and Unknown. (Berengária of Portugal was born about 1180 in Portugal.)
Valdemar next had a relationship with Richza, daughter of Heinrich der Löwe 'the Lion' Duke Of Saxony and Matilda Plantagenet. (Richza was born about 1172 and died in 1204.)