Heinrich Rudolph Loll
- Born: 21 Jul 1850, Theerkathen, Stolp, Pommern, Prussia
- Christened: 28 Jul 1850, Budow, Stolp, Pommern, Prussia
- Marriage (1): Therese Giese about 1875
- Marriage (2): Caroline Damaschke about 1885
- Died: 25 Mar 1940, Chicago, Cook Co., Illinois at age 89
- Buried: 28 Mar 1940, Bethania Cemetery, Justice, Cook Co., Illinois
Another name for Heinrich was Lull.
From the Budow churchbook:
Heinrich Rudolph Loll was born on July 21, 1850 in Theerkathen, Wundichow, district Stolp, Pommern. He was baptized on July 28, 1850 in Budow, district Stolp, Pommern. Godparents were the Kalkbrenner (Lime Burner?) Ernst Pommeranz of Gallensow, the Schneider (tailor) Carl Woyant of Gallensow and Friederike Lawansk of Wusseken. He was confirmed on 25 Sep 1864 in Budow, district Budow, Pommern. He worked as a Schäfer (shepherd) in 1875 in Johannishof, Groß Rakitt, district Stolp, Pommern. He worked as a shepherd in 1887 in Friedrichswalde, Wutzkow, district Stolp, Pommern. He worked as a shepherd in 1890 in Less Aken, district Stolp, Pommern.
This is the history of the Loll family, particularly Karl Loll, a cousin to Heinrich Loll, 2nd great grandfather of the preparer. The name Karl, which most of the male members of the Loll family bear, is not a name, but a title and indeed an English title.
In the oldest records of the Bütow area the full title still appears: Simon, Earl of Lolland. This became in German- Simon, Carl Von Loll- later Karl Loll. In the records it can be seen exactly how the so called "schnerkel" in the letter E was simply dropped by the scribes.
What follows, chronicles the history of how the Lolls of Bütow, Pomerania, Prussia, (now Poland), arrived from Scotland, and why they left.
Mary Stuart, byname, Mary Queen of Scots, was the only daughter of King James V of Scotland and his French wife, Mary of Guise. The death of her father, 6 days after her birth, left Mary as queen of Scotland in her own right. Although Mary's great-uncle King Henry VIII of England made an unsuccessful effort to secure control of her (Mary inherited Tudor blood through her grandmother, a sister of Henry VIII of England), the regency of the kingdom was settled in favor of her mother.
At age 5, Mary was sent to France to be brought up in the court of King Henry II and his queen Catherine de Médicis. In an arranged marriage in April 1558, Mary wed the oldest son of King Henry II and Catherine, Francois. The marriage was aimed at a political union of France and Scotland. Mary was 16 and Francois was 14.
Also in 1558, Elizabeth Tudor ascended to the throne of England, which meant that Mary was, by virtue of her Tudor blood, next in line to the English throne. Many Roman Catholics considered Elizabeth illegitimate because they regarded Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and his marriage to Anne Boleyn invalid and looked upon Mary as the lawful queen. Mary's father-in-law, Henry II of France, thus claimed the English throne on her behalf.
The death of Henry II in 1559 brought Francois to the French throne at age 15, and made Mary a glittering queen consort of France. Francois, as King Francis II, died only a year later, making Mary a widow at the age of 18. She returned to Scotland the next year, and found that her pretensions to the English throne had incurred Queen Elizabeths' hostility. Her Roman Catholic background, and French upbringing, in a Protestant Scotland, caused her to be seen by many as a foreign queen of an alien religion. Her downfall began 3 years later, when she married her cousin, Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley. While drawn to him by love, the handsome Darnley was unpopular with both English and Scottish elements. Mary feared for her own life, upon seeing the callous Darnley butcher her secretary, David Riccio, in front of her own eyes. The birth of their son, James, did nothing to reconcile the couple, and Mary, armed now with the heir she craved, looked for some means to relieve an intolerable situation. During the next 8 months, Mary developed an adulterous liason with James Hepburn, 4th earl of Bothwell. There is no proof of a conspiracy to murder Darnley, but while recovering from a serious illness, the house where he was staying was blown up, and Darnley was strangled while trying to escape. After 3 months, Mary married Bothwell.
Scottish leaders disapproved and had Bothwell incarcerated for the remainder of his life, and Mary, imprisoned for 1 year. Her son, James, was crowned King, at 1 year of age. Upon release from prison, Mary sought refuge in England. Elizabeth, employing a series of excuses related to the death of Darnley, held Mary in captivity for the next 18 years. During this time she plotted and conspired for her release. Mary, as a Roman Catholic, was the natural focus for the hopes of those English Catholics who hoped to replace the Protestant queen Elizabeth on the throne. It was the discovery of the plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth in 1586 and bring about a Roman Catholic uprising that convinced Queen Elizabeth that, while she lived, her cousin Mary would always constitute too great a threat to her own position. Despite the fact that she was the sovereign queen of another country, Mary was tried by an English court and condemned; her son, James, who had not seen his mother since infancy, and now had his sights fixed on succeeding to the English throne, raised no objections.
Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed in 1587, at the age of 44. James I raised a magnificent monument to his mother at Westminster Abbey, after he finally ascended to the throne of England.
At the same time as the imprisonment of James Hepburn, other members of the Bothwell family had to leave Scotland. One part went to Denmark. James Hepburn eventually died in Dragsholm, Seeland. His younger brother, Alexander Hepburn, and his cousin Simon Loll reached Pomerania and the court of Duke Eryk of Pomerania at Stupsk (Stolp). Here they married German women.
Isabella Wachtel is mentioned, Daniel Hepburn's sons and James (Jacob) Loll devoted themselves to soldiering, first in Swedish, then in Polish service. They held the rank of Lt. Col. In 1628 they fought against Sweden and received a commendation from the King of Poland.
After the line of Pomeranian kings (Dukes) died out, Jacob Loll settled in the country. His son was called Carl Matthew Loll. One of his grandsons, Jacob Loll, was 7 feet, 3 inches tall, and was born in 1783 (see Guinees Book of World Records). He fought under Napoleon in Russia. Jacob Loll returned to Bütow with a bad leg. He later joined a traveling troop of English actors under the stage name of the "Pomeranian Giant" and toured in the cities of Warsaw, Moscow and St. Petersburg. He died there in 1839 and his enormous framework was placed on view in the imperial art and history collection. His nephew Karl Loll- had a plaque placed in the church in Bütow with the following inscription: "May God be merciful unto this soul and bring it to joy forever." On this occasion he apparently became better acquainted with Pastor G.G. Hollmann's daughter, Henriette, whom he later married.
The exact cousin relationship between Karl Loll and Henry Loll has not been established.
Heinrich married Therese Giese, daughter of Carl Giese and Caroline Höft, about 1875. (Therese Giese was born about 1854 in Groß Rakitt, Stolp, Pommern, died in 1883 in Pommern and was buried in 1883 in Pommern.)
Heinrich next married Caroline Damaschke about 1885. (Caroline Damaschke was born in 1857 in Pommern, died on 18 Dec 1934 in Chicago, Cook Co., Illinois and was buried on 21 Dec 1934 in Bethania Cemetery, Justice, Cook Co., Illinois.)