King Alfonso VIII "The Noble" Sanchez of Castile
- Born: 18 Nov 1155, Soria, Castile
- Marriage: Eleanor Plantagenet on 22 Sep 1177 in Burgos, Burgos, Castile
- Died: 13 Oct 1214, Gutierre Munoz, Avila, Castile at age 58
- Buried: Monasterio de Las Huelgas, Burgos, Spain
Alfonso VIII succeeded to the throne on the death of his father,
Sancho III. Troubled by interference from Navarre in his youth, he
later allied Castile with Aragón, forming a connection that was
eventually to become the basis for the unification of Spain. He also
established Castilian dominance over León. In 1170 he married Eleanor,
daughter of King Henry II of England. From the 1170s, he resisted
encroachments by the Almohads, Muslim invaders from northern Africa.
Defeated by the Muslim caliph Yakub al-Mansur at Alarcos in 1195,
Alfonso and his allies won a major victory over the Muslim commander
al-Nasir at Navas de Tolosa in 1212.
Alfonso married Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of King Henry II "Curtmantle" Plantagenet of England and Eleanor Of Aquitaine, on 22 Sep 1177 in Burgos, Burgos, Castile. (Eleanor Plantagenet was born on 13 Oct 1162 in Domfront, Normandy, France, christened in Domfront, Normandy, France, died on 25 Oct 1214 in Las Huelgas, Burgos, Burgos, Spain and was buried in Nov 1214 in Las Huelgas, Burgos, Burgos, Spain.)