King Edward II Plantagenet of England
- Born: 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvon, Caernarvonshire, Wales
- Marriage (1): Isabella of France on 25 Jan 1308 in Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France
- Marriage (2): Unknown
- Died: 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England at age 43
- Buried: 20 Dec 1327, Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Reigned 1307-1327 deposed and murdered. 1st Prince of Wales His reign was troubled by extravagances, his militarist disasters in Scotland, notably at Bannockburn (1314) and unpopularity of his favourite peers, Gaveston who died in 1312 and Hugh le Despencer 1262-1326. He was deposed on 21 Jan 1327, and murdered by a red-hot poker in his bowels. He was invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301. Edward was engaged to Margaret, child Queen of Scotland, and called the "Maid of Norway". Their story: In March 1286 her father, Alexander III, was killed and Margaret became queen. The English king Edward I was closely watching affairs in Scotland, and in 1289 a marriage was arranged between the infant queen and Edward's son, afterwards Edward II. Margaret sailed from Norway and reached the Orkneys, where she died. about the end of September 1290. The news of this occurrence was first made known in a letter dated the 7th of October 1290. Some mystery, however, surrounded her death, and about 1300 a woman from Leipzig declared she was Queen Margaret. The impostor, if she were such, was burned as a witch at Bergen. See A. Lang, History of Scotland, vol. i. (Edinburgh, 1904).
From History of the Monarchy:
Edward II had few of the qualities that made a successful medieval king. Edward surrounded himself with favourites (the best known being a Gascon, Piers Gaveston), and the barons, feeling excluded from power, rebelled. Throughout his reign, different baronial groups struggled to gain power and control the King. The nobles' ordinances of 1311, which attempted to limit royal control of finance and appointments, were counteracted by Edward. Large debts (many inherited) and the Scots' victory at Bannockburn by Robert the Bruce in 1314 made Edward more unpopular. Edward's victory in a civil war (1321-2) and such measures as the 1326 ordinance (a protectionist measure which set up compulsory markets or staples in 14 English, Welsh and Irish towns for the wool trade) did not lead to any compromise between the King and the nobles. Finally, in 1326, Edward's wife, Isabella of France, led an invasion against her husband. In 1327 Edward was made to renounce the throne in favour of his son Edward (the first time that an anointed king of England had been dethroned since Ethelred in 1013). Edward II was later murdered at Berkeley Castle.
Edward married Isabella of France, daughter of King Philippe IV 'the Fair' France of France and Joan of Navarre, on 25 Jan 1308 in Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France. (Isabella of France was born in 1292 in Paris, Seine, France, died on 22 Aug 1358 in Castle Rising, Norfolk, England and was buried in Aug 1358 in London, Middlesex, England.)
Edward next married.