Charlemagne Carolingian Holy Roman Emperor
- Born: 2 Apr 742, Ingelheim, Rheinhessen, Hesse-Darmstadt
- Christened: 754, Basilique Saint-Denis, Paris, Île-de-France, France
- Marriage (1): Empress Hildegard of Savoy Countess Of Vinzgau in 773 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia
- Marriage (2): Himiltrude about 765
- Marriage (3): Ermengarda about 768
- Marriage (4): Fastrada in 784
- Marriage (5): Luitgard in 794
- Died: 28 Jan 814, Aix La Chapelle, Austrasia at age 71
- Buried: Notre Dame D'aix La Chapelle, Austrasia
Charlemagne was a Frankish king who conquered most of Europe and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in the year 800. Charlemagne was probably born somewhere in what is now France or Germany, the eldest son of Pepin the Short. Charlemagne and his brother, Carloman, divided the kingdom after Pepin's death in 768; a few years later Carloman died and Charlemagne annexed his portion. During his 43-year reign from his court at Aachen, Charlemagne proved himself a brilliant military strategist and administrator, promoting art and education while waging war from Saxony to the Mediterranean. Among his many campaigns were: The Lombard War (773-775); the Spanish War (778-801); the conquest of Bavaria (787-788); the conquest of the Avars (791-801); the Byzantine War (802-812); and a thirty-year effort to subdue the Saxons and convert them to Christianity. Known for his piety as well as his brutality (he once beheaded more than 4,000 Saxons in one day), Charlemagne united most of Europe and created a period of relative order during the otherwise tumultuous Middle Ages. Charlemagne is also known as Karl der Grosse and Carolus Magnus.
Charlemagne married Empress Hildegard of Savoy Countess Of Vinzgau, daughter of Gerold I Count of Vinzgau, Duke Of Swabia and Imma Duchess of Swabia, in 773 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia. (Empress Hildegard of Savoy Countess Of Vinzgau was born in 758 in Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia, died on 30 Apr 783 in Thionville, Moselle, France and was buried in Abbey de St. Arnoul, Metz, Lorraine, Austrasia.)
Charlemagne next married Himiltrude about 765.
Charlemagne next married Ermengarda about 768. (Ermengarda was born about 750.)
Charlemagne next married Fastrada in 784. (Fastrada was born about 755.)
Charlemagne next married Luitgard in 794. (Luitgard was born about 778.)