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Boleslav I "the Cruel" von Böhmen Herzog von Böhmen
(Abt 0909-0967)
Ælfleda (Adiva) Princess of England
(Abt 0905-Abt 0963)
Boleslav II 'the Pious' von Böhmen Herzog von Böhmen
(Abt 0935-0999)

Boleslav III 'the Red' von Böhmen Herzog von Böhmen
(Abt 0960-)


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Boleslav III 'the Red' von Böhmen Herzog von Böhmen

  • Born: Abt 960

  General Notes:

Boleslaus III the Red (Czech: Boleslav III. Ryšavý) (died 1037) was duke of Bohemia from 999 until 1002.

The eldest son of Boleslav II the Pious, Boleslav III was a weak ruler in whose chaotic reign Bohemia became a pawn in the long war between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Boleslaus the Brave, King of Poland. Boleslav became duke of Bohemia in 999. By 1002 a revolt forced Boleslav to flee to Poland whilst his kinsman Vladivoj took the Czech throne.

On February 9, 1003 Boleslav was restored to authority with armed support from Margrave Henry I of the Ostmark. The duke soon undermined his own position by ordering a massacre of his leading nobles at Vyšehrad.

Boleslav's brothers Jaromir and Oldrich fled to Germany and placed themselves under the protection of Henry II. At the same time Boleslaus the Brave, claiming the ducal throne for himself, invaded Bohemia and took Prague without any serious opposition. Boleslav III was blinded and imprisoned, probably dying in captivity some thirty years later.

Father:Boleslaus II the Pious
Mother:Adiva of England
Siblings:Wenceslas the Infandead, Jaromír and Oldrich
Wife:unnamed, from ancinet "Hillers" dynasty (originally Vršovci)

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