King Valdemar I 'den Store' "the Great" Knudsson of Denmark
- Born: 14 Jan 1131, Denmark
- Marriage (1): Sophia of Novgorod
- Marriage (2): Sofia of Minsk
- Died: 12 May 1182, Ringsted, Sjælland, Denmark at age 51
- Buried: May 1182, St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Sjælland, Denmark
Valdemar I the Great (1131-1182) was King of Denmark from 1157 until 1182. He was the son of Canute Lavard a chivalrous and popular Danish prince. His father was murdered only days before his birth. As the rightful heir to the throne and with his rivals quickly gaining power he was raised at the court of Asser Rig of Fjenneslev together with Asser's son Absalon who would become his trusted friend and minister. When Valdemar was sixteen years old King Erik III died and a civil war erupted. the pretenders were Sweyn, Canute and Valdemar (Holding Jutland as possession). The civil war wasn't decided for ten years. In 1157 Sweyn hosted a great banquet for Canute, Absalon and Valdemar. This banquet was designed to dispose Sweyn of all his rivals. Canute was killed but Absalon and Valdemar escaped. Valdemar returned to Jutland were Sweyn quickly launched an invasion only to be defeated by Valdemar and killed in his flight. Valdemar had outlived all his rival pretenders and became sole King of Denmark In 1158 Absalon was elected as bishop of Roskilde and Valdemar made him his chief friend and advisor. He reorganized and rebuilt wartorn Denmark and at the instigation of Absalon declared war upon the Wends who inhabited Pomerania and the island of Rügen. In 1168 the Wendish capital of Arkona was taken and the Wends became Christians and subject to Danish suzeranity. Danish influence reached into Pomerania. Valdemar's reign saw the rise of Denmark, which reached its zenith under his second son Valdemar. Valdemar I died in 1182 and was succeeded by his first son Canute VI. Valdemar married Sophia Vladimirovna of Novogorod and had the following children: king Canute VI of Denmark (1163-1202) king Valdemar II of Denmark (1170-1241) Rixa (died 1220), married to king Eric X of Sweden Helen (died 1233), married to William, duke of Brunswick-Luneburg Ingeborg (died 1236), married to king Philip II of France
Valdemar I emerged from the civil war as king of Denmark and ruled for 25 years. Immediately in his reign, he officially recognized the Holy Roman Empire, to stop the German knights who had been advancing into Danish territory during the civil war.
With the cessation of German intervention, he and his successors annexed a great deal of land, and Denmark once again thrived. 1169--Denmark Annexes Rugen (Western Pomerania). Denmark annexed part of Western Pomerania, and in 1180, it became the dukedom known as Mecklenburg (which would rise up as an adversary during the Swedish-Danish Union in the 14th century).
Valdemar married Sophia of Novgorod, daughter of Duke Volodar of Minsk and Unknown. (Sophia of Novgorod died in Ringsted, Sjælland, Denmark.)
Valdemar next married Sofia of Minsk, daughter of Volodar of Minsk and Richiza Boleslawsdatter. (Sofia of Minsk was born about 1141 and died in 1198.)