King Donald III "Bane" Canmore of Scotland
- Born: Abt 1033-1034, Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
- Died: After 1097, Rescobie, Angusshire, Scotland
- Buried: Iona, Argyllshire, Scotland
Donald 'Bane' (Fair) was the younger brother of Malcolm III. He succeeded him in 1093, at the age of 60, after driving out Malcolm's sons and claiming the crown on the basis of tanistry. Donald was deposed by his nephew Duncan II in 1094, with the assistance of William II (Rufus) of England; Donald regained the throne soon afterwards when Duncan was killed in November that year. Donald then seems to have shared his rule with his nephew Edmund (Donald in Scotia, Edmund in Lothian and Strathclyde).
In 1097, Malcolm III's son Edgar invaded Scotland with help from William II of England, and Donald was defeated and deposed once more. Accounts of his fate differ, but according to one version he was blinded and kept prisoner until his death at Rescobie, Angus in about 1100. (Edmund was pardoned and became a monk.)