Casimir III 'the Great'


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Aldona Ona or "Anna" of Lithuania

Casimir III 'the Great'

  • Born: 30 Apr 1310, Kowal, Pommern
  • Marriage: Aldona Ona or "Anna" of Lithuania in 1325
  • Died: 5 Nov 1370 at age 60

  General Notes:

The youngest child and only son (who survived infancy) of Ladislaus the Elbow High, Casimir the Great (Wielki) ascended the throne in 1333 at the age of 23. He reigned for 37 years. He was considered "great" because of his diplomacy and his efforts to strengthen Poland; he was also called "the Peasant King" because of his policies towards non-nobility and "the Builder King" for the castles, city structures, and gates that were constructed under his orders.

Casimir was a "sensitive, emotional individual." He had been raised to be king, both cultivated in diplomacy and trained in military tactics.

Despite the political nature of his marriage in 1325, at the age of 15, to Anna, the daughter of the King of Lithuania, he reportedly loved his wife, and under them court life was lively and full of dances and music, contrasting with the sober piety and war-torn reign of his father.

In his reign as a whole, Casimir the Great was a successful king in that he spread technology throughout Poland, increased trade, consolidated Polish lands, and ended hostilities with the Teutonic Knights. He was an unsuccessful king in that he failed to produce an heir.

Casimir married Aldona Ona or "Anna" of Lithuania, daughter of Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania Grand Prince of Lithuania, King of Lithuanians and and Jewna, in 1325. (Aldona Ona or "Anna" of Lithuania was born about 1312 and died on 26 May 1339.)

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